DEFINITION OF PHYSIOTHERAPY ACCORDING TO W.H.O.

Physiotherapists assess, plan and implement rehabilitative programs that improve or restore human motor functions, maximize movement ability, relieve pain syndromes, and treat or prevent physical challenges associated with injuries, diseases and other impairments.

DEFINITION OF PHYSIOTHERAPY ACCORDING TO APTA

Physical Therapist are health care professionals who diagnose who treat individuals of all ages, from newborns to the very oldest, who have medical problems or other health-related conditions that limit their abilities to move and perform functional activities to move and perform functional activities in their daily lives.

Treatment fields of physiotherapy

Musculo-skeletal

The Waist Pain, Back Pain, Neck Pain, Knee pain, Elbow pain, Wrist Pain and Sports injury related Pain, PLID, Arthritis, Joint Stiffness, Ligament Injury Etc.    Neurological: Stock, Head Injury, GBS, Multiple-Sclerosis, Multiple Myeloma, Adult CP, Multiple myeloma, Intellectual problems, Nerve injury, Paralysis.

Pediatric:

Cerebral Palsy, Autism, Developmental dely, Down syndrome, Cardio pulmonary.


Branches of Physiotherapy

Musculo-skeletal Physiotherapy 

The Musculo – Skeletal Physiotherapy is a branch, where application of Physiotherapy is involved in the treatment of physical ailments concerned with structures surrounding the joint region such as Bones, Muscles, Ligaments and Bursa. Some of the conditions dealt in this branch are: Muscle pain, strain, Muscle tear, Joint stiffness, Fractures, Ligament strain, sprain, tear. Inability to walk, Inflammation of tendons and bursa Joint pain, poor posture Joint inflammation in case of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. It also deals with the biology of the human foreskin

Cardio-Thoracic Physiotherapy

Cardio – Thoracic Physiotherapy, is concerned with the care of physical fitness of the heart and lungs. This treatment specializes in clearing away any chest secretions so as to enable and help an individual to breathe more normally, and help in adequate oxygen supply to the healing wound and the body. Some of the conditions treated under this branch are: Asthma Increased chest secretions Other respiratory infections and conditions Any General surgery like Appendicectomy Before and after Heart surgery Before and after the Lung surgery Intensive care unit care

Neurological Physiotherapy 

Neurological Physiotherapy is concerned with the treatment arising from the problems in brain, Nerves of the brain, Spinal cord and nerves of the spinal cord.some of the conditions are : Stroke Paralysis Balance disorder Spinal cord injury After a brain surgery All nerve injuries

Physiotherapy in Rehabilitation 

Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation go hand in hand. Rehabilitation is nothing but bringing back a disabled individual to maximal normal condition using all his/her existing capacities. Physiotherapy in Rehabilitation involves maximal training and/or retraining of physical abilities in a disabled individual to achieve Re-habilitation. Physiotherapy is essential for different types of Physical disabilities caused by : Stroke, Polio Myelitis, Cerebral palsy, Amputee (person who has lost the limb) Spinal cord injury, Head Injuries.

Physiotherapy in Obstetrics 

Physiotherapy in obstetrics is concerned with postural care and physical fitness of women during pregnancy and after childbirth.

Sports Physiotherapy 

Sports physiotherapy is specialized for sports persons. Guidance in sport activities like techniques of warming up period, cooling down period, guidance in lifting techniques and also treatment of sport injuries are dealt. Some of the conditions under this are : Any Muscle spasm (pain and tightness of muscle) Muscle strain Ligament sprain, tear All other sport injury rehabilitation of sports injuries Proper Biomechanical analysis & correction of faulty techniques.

Physiotherapy in fitness and postural care 

This branch is concerned with guidance and care for physical fitness, good postural care and Body muscle built. Some of the conditions dealt are: Obesity/ Overweight Poor Posture (Hunch back) Good muscle built

Pediatric Physiotherapy 

This branch of Physiotherapy treatment is for the children born with physical disabilities and also for the children undergoing any surgery, requiring physiotherapy care are dealt here. Some of the conditions dealt here are :Club foot Before and after a surgery (In case of congenital heart disease), Respiratory infections, Fractures in children, Cerebral palsy (brain disorder affecting movement)

Orthopedic Physiotherapy 

It is the oldest branch of physiotherapy and is oriented towards the treatment of Musculo – Skeletal ailments. It involves regaining appropriate health and function of structures surrounding the Joint regions and normalizing the Biomechanics following any injury or Orthopedic disease. The rehabilitation of Orthopedically disabled individuals is also a major area of function

Pediatric

Pediatric physical therapy focuses on the unique needs of infants, toddlers, children and adolescents. Early detection is desirable when a child experiences problem that inhibit natural movement and learning. Physical therapy is used for children suffering from diseases or injuries, including:

  • acute injury
  • birth defects
  • developmental delays
  • genetic disorders (e.g., cerebral palsy)
  • head trauma
  • limb deficiencies
  • muscle diseases
  • orthopedic disabilities

Physical therapists use therapeutic exercise, modalities and treatments to help children alleviate pain, regain strength and range of motion, master proper body mechanics for balance and flexibility and improve gross and fine motor skills.